A fascinating compound with unique physical and chemical properties, phenyltrimethoxysilane has many nanoelectronics and material science applications. It is used to make phenyl silicone oil, silicone rubber, and other silanes thermally stable as a silicone resin crosslinking agent and polymer organic silicon compounds. We’ll discuss Phenyltrimethoxysilane’s boiling point, density, molecular formula, and CAS number in this blog post. Dakenchem will also examine its applications to better understand this intriguing compound.
Organosilicon phenyltrimethoxysilane has a unique molecular structure. It has a phenyl group, silicon atom, and three methoxy groups. Each Phenyltrimethoxysilane molecule has nine carbon atoms, fourteen hydrogen atoms, three oxygen atoms, and one silicon atom. Phenyltrimethoxy is useful in material science research and polymer organic silicon compound production due to its unique physical and chemical properties. For scientific and regulatory purposes, the Chemical Abstracts Service assigns CAS numbers to each chemical substance. The CAS number for Phenyltrimethoxysilane is 2996-92-1. This numerical identifier helps scientists, researchers, and regulatory bodies worldwide share accurate and efficient information about this substance.
Phenyltrimethoxysilane Physical Properties
Phenyltrimethoxysilane’s physical properties are crucial to its use. Its boiling point is the temperature at which it turns liquid into gas under normal atmospheric pressure. Phenyltrimethoxysilane boils at 218°C. Due to strong dipole-dipole interactions and London dispersion forces, the compound has a high boiling point.
The density of Phenyltrimethoxy is next. Density, which measures mass per unit volume, affects the compound’s suitability for various applications. Phenyltrimethoxysilane has a moderate density of 1.06 g/cm^3 at room temperature, slightly higher than water.
Phenyltrimethoxysilane has a melting, refractive index, and flash point. The melting point is about -60 degrees Celsius. The compound’s optical properties are indicated by its refractive index of 1.492. Finally, Phenyltrimethoxysilane’s flash point is around 96 degrees Celsius, the lowest temperature at which it can vaporize to form an ignitable mixture in air. Phenyltrimethoxysilane is versatile and useful in scientific and industrial applications due to these properties.
The methoxy and phenyl groups of phenyltrimethoxy define its chemical properties. Phenyltrimethoxysilane is a good chemical reaction candidate because its three methoxy groups on the silicon atom are reactive. These methoxy groups hydrolyze into methanol and silanol in moisture or a basic environment. These silanol groups can then crosslink and form silicone resins through condensation reactions.
The phenyl group in Phenyltrimethoxysilane adds functionality. The aromatic six-membered carbon ring phenyl group has a stable, delocalized electron cloud. The phenyl group is less reactive than other functional groups due to its stability, but it can still participate in electrophilic aromatic substitution reactions. The phenyl group makes Phenyltrimethoxysilane hydrophobic, affecting its solubility in various solvents.
Phenyltrimethoxysilane is thermally more stable than alkyls. The phenyl group, which can withstand higher temperatures without decomposing, may explain this stability. Polymers and silicone rubbers that require high-temperature resistance benefit from Phenyltrimethoxysilane.
Polymer Organic Silicon Compound Phenyltrimethoxysilane Role
Building blocks and crosslinking agents, phenyltrimethoxysilane is essential to polymer organic silicon compounds. The reactive methoxy group of Phenyltrimethoxysilan can undergo hydrolysis and condensation reactions when used as a crosslinking agent in silicone resin. The compound forms silanol groups, which react with each other or other compatible functional groups to form siloxane bonds. This forms a three-dimensional network structure and crosslinked silicone resin. Due to its phenyl group, Phenyltrimethoxysilan resin is thermally stable and hydrophobic.
Aside from silicone resins, phenyltrimethoxysilane is also used to make silicone oil and rubber. Polycondensation follows Phenyltrimethoxysilan hydrolysis. A polymer with repeating siloxane bonds and phenyl groups results. Phenyl silicone oil, the final product, is ideal for industrial applications due to its thermal stability, low-temperature flexibility, and oxidation resistance.
Phenyltrimethoxysilan is often mixed with organosilicon compounds to make silicone rubber. Phenyltrimethoxysilane crosslinks to create a flexible, thermally stable material. This silicone rubber is durable and versatile enough for automotive parts and medical devices.
Nanoelectronics and Material Science Research with Phenyltrimethoxysilane
Due to its unique chemical properties and versatility, phenyltrimethoxysilane is used in nanoelectronics and material science research.
In nanoelectronics, Phenyltrimethoxy helps create hybrid organic-inorganic materials. Thin film transistors, sensors, and other nanoscale devices use these materials. Phenyltrimethoxysilane’s reactive methoxy groups fine-tune the material’s structure at the molecular level, while the phenyl group improves thermal stability and mechanical durability. Phenyltrimethoxy is useful for making nano-electronic devices because it can control material composition.
Phenyltrimethoxy aids material science research. Silicon polymers and composites with heat, oxidation, and chemical resistance are often synthesized using the compound. Phenyltrimethoxy hydrolysis and condensation can also change the surface properties of nanoparticles. This lets these materials’ physicochemical properties be tailored for high-performance coatings, adhesives, and sealants.